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Anzeiger Der Kaiserlichen Akademie Der Wissenschaften, Mathematisc...

By: Kaiserl. Akademie Der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse

Description: Elecresource

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Effect of Variable Winds on Current Structure and Reynolds Stresse...

By: F. G. Schmitt; A. V. Sentchev; K. A. Korotenko

Description: Laboratoire d'Océanologie et de Géosciences, UMR8187, CNRS, Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale, Wimereux, France. Wind and wave effects on tidal current structure and turbulence throughout the water column are examined using an upward-looking acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP). The instrument has been deployed on the seafloor of 18-m mean depth, off the north-eastern French coast in the eastern English Channel, over 12 tidal cycles, and covered th...

Ardhuin, F., Roland, A., Dumas, F., Bennis, A.-C., Sentchev, A., Forget, P., Wolf, J., Girard, F., Osuna, P., and Benoit, M.: Numerical Wave Modeling in Conditions with Strong Currents: Dissipation, Refraction, and Relative Wind, J. Phys. Ocean., 10.1175/JPO-D-11-0220.1, accepted, 2012,; Brylinski, J. M., Dupont, J. P., and Bentley, D.: Conditions hydrologiques au large du cap Griz-Nez (France); premiers resultats, Oc...

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Variability of Water Mass Properties in the Strait of Sicily in Su...

By: E. M. Quinci; F. Placenti; B. Patti; G. Basilone; I. Fontana; G. Tranchida; M. Barra; S. Mazzola; A. Bonanno; S. Genovese; G. Giacalone; G. Buscaino; R. Mifsud; M. Di Bitetto; R. Ferreri; S. Aronica

Description: Istituto per l'Ambiente Marino Costiero (IAMC) of the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Detached Units of Capo Granitola (TP) and Mazara del Vallo (TP), Italy. The Strait of Sicily plays a crucial role in determining the water mass exchanges and related properties between western and eastern Mediterranean. The presence of sills to the east and west of the Strait of Sicily and the complex seabed topography modulate the thermohaline circulation...

Basilone, G., Bonanno, A., Patti, B., Mazzola, S., Barra, M., Cuttitta, A., and McBride, R.: Spawning site selection by European anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) in relation to oceanographic conditions in the Strait of Sicily, Fisheries Oceanography, 22, 309–323, 2013.; Béranger, K., Mortier, L., Gasparini, G. P., Gervasio, L., Astraldi, L., and Crépon, M.: The dynamics of the Sicily Strait: a comprehensive study from observations and models, Deep-Sea Res. Pt. II, 51, 41...

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Abhandlungen Der Königlichen Akademie Der Wissenschaften in Berlin

By: Deutsche Akademie Der Wissenschaften Zu Berlin

Description: Jahre 1869 (publ. 1870) issued in 2 vols

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Abhandlungen Der Königlichen Akademie Der Wissenschaften in Berlin

By: Deutsche Akademie Der Wissenschaften Zu Berlin

Description: Jahre 1869 (publ. 1870) issued in 2 vols

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Enso-correlated Fluctuations in Ocean Bottom Pressure and Wind-str...

By: D. P. Chambers

Description: College of Marine Science, University of South Florida, St. Petersburg, FL, USA. We examine the magnitude of ENSO-correlated variations in wind-stress curl and ocean bottom pressure in the North Pacific between 1992 until 2010, using satellite observations and model output. Our analysis indicates that while there are significant fluctuations correlated with some El Niño and La Niña events, the correlation is still relatively low. Moreover, the ENSO-corr...

Chambers, D. P. and Willis, J. K.: Analysis of large-scale ocean bottom pressure variability in the North Pacific, {J. Geophys. Res., 113, }C11003, doi:10.1029/2008JC004930, 2008.; Chambers, D. P. and Willis, J. K.: A Global Evaluation of Ocean Bottom Pressure from GRACE, OMCT, and Steric-Corrected Altimetry, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 27, 1395–1402, doi:10.1175/2010JTECHO73...

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The Gyre-scale Circulation of the North Atlantic and Sea Level at ...

By: G. Wöppelmann; N. Pouvreau; P. L. Woodworth

Description: Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, Joseph Proudman Building, 6 Brownlow Street, Liverpool L3 5DA, UK. The relationship between the gyre-scale circulation of the North Atlantic, represented by air pressure near to the centre of the sub-tropical gyre, and sea level measured at the eastern boundary of the ocean has been investigated using records commencing in the middle of the 18th century. These time series are twice as long as those employed in a...

Allan, R. and Ansell, T.: A new globally complete monthly historical mean sea level pressure data set (HadSLP2): 1850–2004, J. Clim., 19(22), 5816–5842, 2006.; Bindoff, N., Willebrand, J., Artale, V., Cazenave, A., Gregory, J., Gulev, S., Hanawa, K., Le Quéré, C., Levitus, S., Nojiri, Y., Shum, C. K., Talley, L., and Unnikrishnan, A.: Observations: oceanic climate change and sea level, in: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group 1 t...

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Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences; Volume: Third An...

By: New York Academy of Sciences

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: Medical Library Collection; Harvard University Collection; American University Library Collection; Historical Literature; Chemical abstracts; Energy research abstracts; GeoRef; Biological abstracts; Index me

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Observations of Turbulence Beneath Sea Ice in Southern McMurdo Sou...

By: M. J. M. Williams; T. G. Haskell; N. J. Robinson; C. L. Stevens

Description: National Institute for Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA), Greta Point Wellington, New Zealand. The first turbulence profiler observations beneath land fast sea ice which is directly adjacent to an Antarctic ice shelf are described. The stratification in the 325 m deep water column consisted of a layer of supercooled water in the upper 40 m lying above a quasi-linearly stratified water column with a sharp step in density at mid-depth. Turbulent energy...

Albrecht, N., Vennell, R., Williams, M., Stevens, C., Langhorne, P., Leonard, G., and Haskell, T.: Observation of sub-inertial internal tides in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L24606, doi:10.1029/2006GL027377, 2006.; Arrigo, K. R., van Dijken, G., and Long, M.: Coastal Southern Ocean: A strong anthropogenic CO2 sink, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L21602, doi:10.1029/2008GL035624, 2008.; Dempsey, D., Langhorne, P. J., Robinson, N. J., Williams, ...

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N/P Ratio of Nutrient Uptake in the Baltic Sea : Volume 8, Issue 3...

By: H. Bi; L. Jonasson; Z. Wan

Description: Centre for Ocean and Ice, Danish Meteorological Institute, Lyngbyvey 100, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. The N/P ratio of nutrient uptake, i.e., the ratio of dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) to dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP) taken by primary producers, varies in different basins and in different seasons in the Baltic Sea. The N/P ratio of nutrient alteration fore and after spring blooms is not same as the N/P ratio of nutrient uptake, but the former c...

Anderson, T. R. and Pondaven, P.: Non-redfield carbon and nitrogen cycling in the Sargasso Sea: pelagic imbalances and export flux, Deep-Sea Res. Pt. I, 50(5), 573–591, 2003.; Arrigo, K. R., Robinson, D. H., Worthen, D. L., Dunbar, R. B., DiTullio, G. R., VanWoertand, M., and Lizotte, M. P.: Phytoplankton community structure and the drawdown of nutrients and CO2 in the Southern Ocean, Science, 283, 365–367, 1999.; Bergström, S.: Development and application of ...

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The North American Review : 1879 May : No. 270, Vol. 128

Description: Founded in Boston in 1815, the North American Review is the oldest literary magazine in the US. Published at the University of Northern Iowa (Cedar Falls) since 1968, on six occasions during that period, it has been a finalist for the National Magazine Award (the magazine equivalent of the Pulitzer Prize), and it has twice won the top award in the Fiction category–in head-to-head competition with The New Yorker, Harper's, The Atlantic Monthly, and so on. No ...

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Comparative Heat and Gas Exchange Measurements in the Heidelberg A...

By: K. E. Krall; B. Jähne; L. Nagel

Description: Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 229, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany. A comparative study of simultaneous heat and gas exchange measurements was performed in the large annular Heidelberg Air–Sea Interaction Facility, the Aeolotron, under homogeneous water surface conditions. The use of two gas tracers, N2O and C2HF5, resulted not only in gas transfer velocities, but also in the...

Asher, W. E., Jessup, A. T., and Atmane, M. A.: Oceanic application of the active controlled flux technique for measuring air–sea transfer velocities of heat and gases, J. Geophys. Res., 109, C08S12, doi:10.1029/2003JC001862, 2004.; Atmane, M. A., Asher, W., and Jessup, A. T.: On the use of the active infrared technique to infer heat and gas transfer velocities at the air–water free surface, J. Geophys. Res., 109, C08S14...

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Solar Irradiance in Clear Atmosphere: Study of Parameterisations o...

By: Z. Qu; A. Oumbe; L. Wald; M. Schroedter-homscheidt; Ph. Blanc; M. Lefevre; B. Gschwind

Description: German Remote Sensing Data Center, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany. Parameterisation of changes of the solar irradiance at ground level with a specific variable (e.g. solar zenithal angle, aerosol optical depth, altitude, etc.) is often used in operational processes because it saves computational time. This paper deals with the modelling of the vertical profile of downwelling solar irradiance for the first two kilometres above g...

Abdel Wahab, M., El-Metwally, M., Hassan, R., Lefèvre, M., Oumbe, A., and Wald, L.: Assessing surface solar irradiance in Northern Africa desert climate and its long-term variations from Meteosat images, Int. J. Remote Sens., 31, 261–280, 2009.; Gueymard, C. A. and Thevenard, D.: Monthly average clear-sky broadband irradiance database for worldwide solar heat gain and building cooling load calculations, Sol. Energy, 83, 1998–2018, 2009.; Kato, S., Ackerman, T., Mather, J...

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An Improved Method for the Determination of Dissolved Nitric Oxide...

By: H. W. Bange; H. E. Lutterbeck

Description: Department, GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Kiel, Germany. Nitric oxide (NO) is a short-lived intermediate of the oceanic nitrogen cycle, however, due to its high reactivity, measurements of dissolved NO in seawater are rare. Here we present an improved method to determine NO concentrations in discrete seawater samples. The set-up of our system consisted of a chemiluminescence NO analyser connected to a stripping unit. The limit of...

Alarcón, G. and Ulloa, O.: Cruise Report, MOOMZ-2, Departamento de Oceanografía, Universidad de Concepción, Chile, 28 pp., 2009.; Cox, R. D.: Determination of nitrate and nitrite at the parts per billion level by chemiluminescence, Anal. Chem., 52, 332–335, 1980.; Bange, H. W.: Gaseous nitrogen compounds (NO, N2O, N2, NH3) in the ocean, in: Nitrogen in the Marine Environment, 2, edited by: Capone, D. G., Bronk, D. A., Mulholland, M. R., a...

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A Robust Method for Removal of Glint Effects from Satellite Ocean ...

By: P. Shanmugam; R. K. Singh

Description: Ocean Optics and Imaging Laboratory, Department of Ocean Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai – 600036, India. Removal of the glint effects from satellite imagery for accurate retrieval of water-leaving radiances is a complicated problem since its contribution in the measured signal is dependent on many factors such as viewing geometry, sun elevation and azimuth, illumination conditions, wind speed and direction, and the water re...

Cox, C. and Munk, W.: Measurement of the roughness of the sea surface from photographs of the Sun's glitter, J. Opt. Soc. Am., 44, 838–850, 1954.; Bailey, S. W., Franz, B. A., and Werdell, P. J.: Estimation of near-infrared water-leaving reflectance for satellite ocean colour data processing, Opt. Express, 18, 7521–7527, doi:10.1364/OE.18.007521, 2010.; Banse, K.: Seasonality of phytoplankton chlorophyll in the central a...

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The North American Review : 1865 Jul. No. 208, Vol. 101

Description: Founded in Boston in 1815, the North American Review is the oldest literary magazine in the US. Published at the University of Northern Iowa (Cedar Falls) since 1968, on six occasions during that period, it has been a finalist for the National Magazine Award (the magazine equivalent of the Pulitzer Prize), and it has twice won the top award in the Fiction category–in head-to-head competition with The New Yorker, Harper's, The Atlantic Monthly, and so on. No ...

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Turbulence Closure: Turbulence, Waves and the Wave-turbulence Tran...

By: H. Peters; H. Z. Baumert

Description: Freie Universität, Dept. Mathematics and Computer Science, Berlin, and Institute for Applied Marine and Limnic Studies, Hamburg, Germany. This paper extends a turbulence closure-like model for stably stratified flows into a new dynamic domain in which turbulence is generated by internal gravity waves rather than mean shear. The model turbulent kinetic energy (TKE, K) balance, its first equation, incorporates a term for the energy transfer from int...

Crawford, W R.: A Comparison of Length Scales and Decay Times of Turbulence in Stratified Flows, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 16, 1847–1854, 1986.; Abarbanel, H. D I., Holm, D D., Marsden, J E., and Ratio, T.: Richardson number criterion for the nonlinear stability of three-dimensional stratified flow, Phys. Rev. Lett., 26, 2352–2355, 1984.; Baumert, H.: A Novel Two-Equation Turbulence Closure for high Reynolds numbers. Part B: Spatially Non-Uniform Conditions, in: Marine Turbule...

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Science; Volume: 6

By: Michels, John, 1875- edt; American Association for the Advancement of Science

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; Historical Literature; All the latest news for the scientific community, including daily news from ScienceNOW and weekly news from Science magazine.; A weekly record of scienti

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The North American Review : 1901 May No. 534, Vol. 172

Description: Founded in Boston in 1815, the North American Review is the oldest literary magazine in the US. Published at the University of Northern Iowa (Cedar Falls) since 1968, on six occasions during that period, it has been a finalist for the National Magazine Award (the magazine equivalent of the Pulitzer Prize), and it has twice won the top award in the Fiction category–in head-to-head competition with The New Yorker, Harper's, The Atlantic Monthly, and so on. No ...

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Development of a New Expendable Probe for the Study of Pelagic Eco...

By: U. Mainardi; A. Di Maio; M. Marcelli; G. M. R. Manzella; D. Donis

Description: Department DECOS, Tuscia University, Via S. Giovanni Decollato n.1, 01100 Viterbo, Italy. Physical and biological processes of the marine ecosystem have a high spatial and temporal variability, whose study is possible only through high resolution and synoptic observations. The T-FLAP (Temperature and Fluorescence LAunchable Probe) was charted in order to answer to the claim of a cost effective temperature and fluorescence expendable profiler, to be used...

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