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Numerical Tools to Estimate the Flux of a Gas Across the Air-water Interface and Assess the Heterogeny of Its Forcing Functions : Volume 9, Issue 2 (12/03/2012)

By V. M. N. De C. Da S. Vieira

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Book Id: WPLBN0003975160
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 67
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Numerical Tools to Estimate the Flux of a Gas Across the Air-water Interface and Assess the Heterogeny of Its Forcing Functions : Volume 9, Issue 2 (12/03/2012)  
Author: V. M. N. De C. Da S. Vieira
Volume: Vol. 9, Issue 2
Language: English
Subject: Science, Ocean, Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2012
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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N. De C. Da S. Vieir, V. M. (2012). Numerical Tools to Estimate the Flux of a Gas Across the Air-water Interface and Assess the Heterogeny of Its Forcing Functions : Volume 9, Issue 2 (12/03/2012). Retrieved from http://www.worldebookfair.org/


Description
Description: CCMar–Centre of Marine Sciences, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005–139 Faro, Portugal. A numerical tool was developed for the estimation of gas fluxes across the air water interface. The primary objective is to use it to estimate CO2 fluxes. Nevertheless application to other gases is easily accomplished by changing the values of the parameters related to the physical properties of the gases. A user friendly software was developed allowing to build upon a standard kernel a custom made gas flux model with the preferred parametrizations. These include single or double layer models; several numerical schemes for the effects of wind in the air-side and water-side transfer velocities; the effect of turbulence from current drag with the bottom; and the effects on solubility of water temperature, salinity, air temperature and pressure. It was also developed an analysis which decomposes the difference between the fluxes in a reference situation and in alternative situations into its several forcing functions. This analysis relies on the Taylor expansion of the gas flux model, requiring the numerical estimation of partial derivatives by a multivariate version of the collocation polynomial. Both the flux model and the difference decomposition analysis were tested with data taken from surveys done in the lagoonary system of Ria Formosa, south Portugal, in which the CO2 fluxes were estimated using the IRGA and floating chamber method whereas the CO2 concentrations were estimated using the IRGA and degasification chamber. Observations and estimations show a remarkable fit.

Summary
Numerical tools to estimate the flux of a gas across the air-water interface and assess the heterogeny of its forcing functions

Excerpt
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