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Probability Distributions of Landslide Volumes : Volume 16, Issue 2 (11/03/2009)

By Brunetti, M. T.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003987035
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 10
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Probability Distributions of Landslide Volumes : Volume 16, Issue 2 (11/03/2009)  
Author: Brunetti, M. T.
Volume: Vol. 16, Issue 2
Language: English
Subject: Science, Nonlinear, Processes
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2009
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Rossi, M., Guzzetti, F., & Brunetti, M. T. (2009). Probability Distributions of Landslide Volumes : Volume 16, Issue 2 (11/03/2009). Retrieved from http://www.worldebookfair.org/


Description
Description: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerca per la Protezione Idrogeologica, Perugia, via Madonna Alta 126, 06128 Perugia, Italy. We examine 19 datasets with measurements of landslide volume, VL, for sub-aerial, submarine, and extraterrestrial mass movements. Individual datasets include from 17 to 1019 landslides of different types, including rock fall, rock slide, rock avalanche, soil slide, slide, and debris flow, with individual landslide volumes ranging over 10−4 m3VL≤1013 m3. We determine the probability density of landslide volumes, p(VL), using kernel density estimation. Each landslide dataset exhibits heavy tailed (self-similar) behaviour for their frequency-size distributions, p(VL) as a function of VL, for failures exceeding different threshold volumes, VL*, for each dataset. These non-cumulative heavy-tailed distributions for each dataset are negative power-laws, with exponents 1.0≤Β≤1.9, and averaging Β≈1.3. The scaling behaviour of VL for the ensemble of the 19 datasets is over 17 orders of magnitude, and is independent of lithological characteristics, morphological settings, triggering mechanisms, length of period and extent of the area covered by the datasets, presence or lack of water in the failed materials, and magnitude of gravitational fields. We argue that the statistics of landslide volume is conditioned primarily on the geometrical properties of the slope or rock mass where failures occur. Differences in the values of the scaling exponents reflect the primary landslide types, with rock falls exhibiting a smaller scaling exponent (1.1≤Β≤1.4) than slides and soil slides (1.5≤Β≤1.9). We argue that the difference is a consequence of the disparity in the mechanics of rock falls and slides.

Summary
Probability distributions of landslide volumes

Excerpt
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